Review all the words we have studied this trimester.

Week 26


quiet or humble in manner or appearance

Although Mr. Phillips is well-off financially, he lives in a modest, simple home.


appropriateness of behavior

Anyone who blows his nose on the tablecloth has no sense of propriety.


exercising good judgment or common sense

It wouldn’t be prudent to act until you’ve considered every possible outcome.



The quiet seaside resort provided a much-needed vacation in a serene locale.


unemotional; serious

Mr. Carver had such a staid demeanor that he remained calm while everyone else celebrated the team’s amazing victory.


indifferent to pleasure or pain; impassive

Not one to complain, Jason was stoic in accepting his punishment.


to express strong disapproval of; denounce

Homer Simpson condemned Mayor Quimby for allowing the schoolchildren to drink spoiled milk; he was outraged and let the mayor know it.


to cause to be doubted

The claim that pi is exactly equal to 3 can be discredited simply by careful measurement.


Week 27


to speak of in a slighting way or negatively; to belittle

Glen disparaged Wanda’s work as being careless and unoriginal.


describing words or phrases that belittle or speak negatively of someone

Teachers should refrain from using such pejorative terms as numbskull when dealing with students who need encouragement.


the act of passing off the ideas of writing of another as one’s own.

The author was accused of plagiarism when an older manuscript was discovered that contained passages that she had used, word for word, in her own book.


to make vicious statements about

Chad issued a series of pamphlets that did nothing but vilify his opponent, but his cruel accusations were not enough to win him the election.


rudely abrupt

Mr. Weird was a brusque teacher who didn’t take time to talk to or listen to his students.


bitingly sarcastic or witty

He had a very caustic wit, and he seldom told a joke without offending someone.


quarrelsome; unruly

Leonard was a fractious child who disagreed with everything and refused to listen.


unable to be reformed

She is absolutely incorrigible; no matter how many times you punish her, she goes right ahead and misbehaves.


Week 28


an ungrateful person

It is a true ingrate who can accept favor after favor and never offer any thanks.


insulting in manner or speech

It was extremely insolent of him to stick his tongue out at the principal.


known widely and usually unfavorably; infamous

Al Capone was a notorious gangster in the 1930s; he was feared throughout America.


combative; belligerent

Lorenzo was a pugnacious child who settled his differences by fighting with people.


worthy of blame

It was reprehensible of the girls to spit their gum in their teacher’s water bottle; they had detention for a week.


easily broken when subjected to pressure

That antique vase is so brittle that it may break at any moment.


having a harmful effect; injurious

Although it may seem unlikely, taking too many vitamins can actually have a deleterious effect on your health.


mutual hatred or ill-will

There was a great enmity between the opposing generals, and each wanted to destroy the other.


Week 29


hatefully evil; abominable

To murder someone in cold blood is a heinous crime.


wrongdoing, misconduct

The senator was accused of malfeasance after he was caught sneaking out of a local brothel.


extreme ill-will or spite

It was clear that he was acting with malice when he disconnected the brakes in his business partner’s car.



He threw his lunch in the bottom of his locker every day and it was a putrid mess by the end of the year—rotten bananas, moldy sandwiches, and curdled milk were some of the more disgusting ingredients.


hateful; marked by deep-seated ill-will

They had such a rancorous relationship that no one could believe that they had ever gotten along.



Since many chemicals are toxic, drinking from random flasks in the chemistry lab could be hazardous to your health.


characteristic of an earlier period; old-fashioned.

“How dost thou?” is an archaic way of saying, “How are you?”


worn out through overuse; trite

All my mom could offer in the way of advice were these hackneyed old phrases that I’d heard a hundred times before.


Week 30

Review Week

Week 31

Review Week

Week 32


referring to the Middle Ages, old-fashioned

His ideas about fashion were positively medieval; he thought that a man should always wear a coat and tie and a woman should always wear a dress.


no longer in use; old-fashioned

Eight-track tape players are obsolete because music isn’t recorded in that format anymore.


without decoration; strict

The gray walls and bare floors provided a very austere setting.


the state or quality of being average; of moderate to low quality

Salieri said that he was the patron saint of mediocrity because his work could never measure p to Mozart’s.


commonplace; ordinary

We hated going to class every day because it was so mundane; we never did anything interesting.


extremely dull

The 700-page book on the anatomy of the flea was so ponderous that I could not read more than one paragraph.


unimaginative; dull

Rebecca made a prosaic mosaic—it consisted of only one tile.


not migratory; settled

Galatea led a sedentary existence; she never even left her home unless she had to.


Week 33


anxiety or fear about the future

My grandmother felt apprehension about nuclear war in the 1960s, so my grandfather built a bomb shelter in the backyard to calm her fears.


something that indicates what is to come; a forerunner

When it is going to rain, insects fly lower, so cows lie down to get away from the insects; therefore, the sight of cows lying down is a harbinger of rain.


menacing; threatening

The rattling under the hood sounded ominous because we were miles from the nearest town and would have been stranded if the car had broken down.


a feeling about the future.

Luckily, my premonition that I would break my neck skiing was unfounded; unluckily, I broke my leg.


timid; fearful about the future.

Tiny Tim was timorous; he was afraid that one day he would be crushed by a giant.


uncertainty; apprehension

We approached Mrs. Fielding with trepidation because we didn’t know how she would react our request for a field trip.


introducing something new

The shop on the corner has become known for its innovative use of fruit on its pizzas.


lacking sophistication

It was naïve of him to think that he could write a novel in one afternoon.


Week 34


coming into existence; emerging

If you study Nirvana’s first album, you can see their nascent abilities that were brought to maturity by their second album.


strikingly new or unusual

Sharon’s novel approach to the problem stunned the scientific community; no one had ever thought to apply game theory to genetics.


a beginner

Having only played chess a couple of times, Barry was a novice compared with the contestants who had been playing all their lives.


sincerity; openness

It’s refreshing to hear Lora’s honesty and candor—when asked about her English teacher, she says, “I can’t stand her!”


open and sincere in expression; straightforward

When Jim lost my calculator, he was frank with me; he admitted to losing it without trying to make p some excuse.


describing a dry, rainless climate

Since they receive little rain, deserts are known for their arid climates.


a widespread fire

The protesters burned flags, accidentally starting a fire that developed into a conflagration that raged out of control.


of or occurring in the night

Owls are nocturnal animals because they sleep during the day and hunt at night.