Vocabulary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Review all the words we have studied this trimester.

Week 26

modest

quiet or humble in manner or appearance

Although Mr. Phillips is well-off financially, he lives in a modest, simple home.

propriety

appropriateness of behavior

Anyone who blows his nose on the tablecloth has no sense of propriety.

prudent

exercising good judgment or common sense

It wouldn’t be prudent to act until you’ve considered every possible outcome.

serene

calm

The quiet seaside resort provided a much-needed vacation in a serene locale.

staid

unemotional; serious

Mr. Carver had such a staid demeanor that he remained calm while everyone else celebrated the team’s amazing victory.

stoic

indifferent to pleasure or pain; impassive

Not one to complain, Jason was stoic in accepting his punishment.

condemn

to express strong disapproval of; denounce

Homer Simpson condemned Mayor Quimby for allowing the schoolchildren to drink spoiled milk; he was outraged and let the mayor know it.

discredit

to cause to be doubted

The claim that pi is exactly equal to 3 can be discredited simply by careful measurement.

 

Week 27

disparage

to speak of in a slighting way or negatively; to belittle

Glen disparaged Wanda’s work as being careless and unoriginal.

pejorative

describing words or phrases that belittle or speak negatively of someone

Teachers should refrain from using such pejorative terms as numbskull when dealing with students who need encouragement.

plagiarism

the act of passing off the ideas of writing of another as one’s own.

The author was accused of plagiarism when an older manuscript was discovered that contained passages that she had used, word for word, in her own book.

vilify

to make vicious statements about

Chad issued a series of pamphlets that did nothing but vilify his opponent, but his cruel accusations were not enough to win him the election.

brusque

rudely abrupt

Mr. Weird was a brusque teacher who didn’t take time to talk to or listen to his students.

caustic

bitingly sarcastic or witty

He had a very caustic wit, and he seldom told a joke without offending someone.

fractious

quarrelsome; unruly

Leonard was a fractious child who disagreed with everything and refused to listen.

incorrigible

unable to be reformed

She is absolutely incorrigible; no matter how many times you punish her, she goes right ahead and misbehaves.

 

Week 28

ingrate

an ungrateful person

It is a true ingrate who can accept favor after favor and never offer any thanks.

insolent

insulting in manner or speech

It was extremely insolent of him to stick his tongue out at the principal.

notorious

known widely and usually unfavorably; infamous

Al Capone was a notorious gangster in the 1930s; he was feared throughout America.

pugnacious

combative; belligerent

Lorenzo was a pugnacious child who settled his differences by fighting with people.

reprehensible

worthy of blame

It was reprehensible of the girls to spit their gum in their teacher’s water bottle; they had detention for a week.

brittle

easily broken when subjected to pressure

That antique vase is so brittle that it may break at any moment.

deleterious

having a harmful effect; injurious

Although it may seem unlikely, taking too many vitamins can actually have a deleterious effect on your health.

enmity

mutual hatred or ill-will

There was a great enmity between the opposing generals, and each wanted to destroy the other.

 

Week 29

heinous

hatefully evil; abominable

To murder someone in cold blood is a heinous crime.

malfeasance

wrongdoing, misconduct

The senator was accused of malfeasance after he was caught sneaking out of a local brothel.

malice

extreme ill-will or spite

It was clear that he was acting with malice when he disconnected the brakes in his business partner’s car.

putrid

rotten

He threw his lunch in the bottom of his locker every day and it was a putrid mess by the end of the year—rotten bananas, moldy sandwiches, and curdled milk were some of the more disgusting ingredients.

rancorous

hateful; marked by deep-seated ill-will

They had such a rancorous relationship that no one could believe that they had ever gotten along.

toxic

poisonous

Since many chemicals are toxic, drinking from random flasks in the chemistry lab could be hazardous to your health.

archaic

characteristic of an earlier period; old-fashioned.

“How dost thou?” is an archaic way of saying, “How are you?”

hackneyed

worn out through overuse; trite

All my mom could offer in the way of advice were these hackneyed old phrases that I’d heard a hundred times before.

 

Week 30

Review Week

Week 31

Review Week

Week 32

medieval

referring to the Middle Ages, old-fashioned

His ideas about fashion were positively medieval; he thought that a man should always wear a coat and tie and a woman should always wear a dress.

obsolete

no longer in use; old-fashioned

Eight-track tape players are obsolete because music isn’t recorded in that format anymore.

austere

without decoration; strict

The gray walls and bare floors provided a very austere setting.

mediocrity

the state or quality of being average; of moderate to low quality

Salieri said that he was the patron saint of mediocrity because his work could never measure p to Mozart’s.

mundane

commonplace; ordinary

We hated going to class every day because it was so mundane; we never did anything interesting.

ponderous

extremely dull

The 700-page book on the anatomy of the flea was so ponderous that I could not read more than one paragraph.

prosaic

unimaginative; dull

Rebecca made a prosaic mosaic—it consisted of only one tile.

sedentary

not migratory; settled

Galatea led a sedentary existence; she never even left her home unless she had to.