Vocabulary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Review the following words from the 2nd trimester.

Week 14

assiduous

hard-working

Spending hours in the hot sun digging out every tiny weed, Sidney tended her garden with assiduous attention.

compelling

forceful; urgently demanding attention

By ignoring the problems in the city, the mayor gave people a very compelling reason to vote him out of office.

diligent

marked by painstaking effort; hard-working

With a lot of diligent effort, they were able to finish the model airplane in record time.

dogged

stubbornly persevering

Her first attempts resulted in failure, but her dogged efforts ultimately ended in success.

endure

to put up with; to survive a hardship

It was difficult to endure the incredibly boring lecture given in class the other day.

intrepid

courageous; fearless

The intrepid young soldier scaled the wall and attacked the enemy forces despite being outnumbered 50 to 1.

maverick

one who is independent and resists adherence to a group

In the movie Top Gun, Tom Cruise was a maverick; he often broke the rules and did things his own way.

obdurate

stubborn; inflexible

Leanna was so obdurate that she was unable to change her way of thinking on even the most minor issues.

 

Week 15

obstinate

stubbornly adhering to an opinion or a course of action

Even though he begged them constantly, Jerry’s parents were obstinate in their refusal to buy him a Nintendo.

proliferate

to grow or increase rapidly

Because the number of fax machines, pagers, and cell phones has proliferated in recent years, many new area codes have been created to handle the demand for phone numbers.

tenacity

persistence

With his overwhelming tenacity, Clark was finally able to interview Brad Pitt for the school newspaper.

vitality

energy; power to survive

After a few days of rest, the exhausted mountain climber regained his usual vitality.

assimilation

to absorb; to make similar

The unique blend of Mexican culture was formed by the assimilation of the cultures of the Native Americans and the Spanish.

consensus

general agreement

After much debate, the committee came to a consensus, although they differed on minor points.

context

circumstances of a situation; environment

The senator complained that his statements had been taken out of context and were therefore misleading; he said that if the newspaper had printed the rest of his speech, it would have explained the statements in question.

derived

copied or adapted from a source

Many AP English Language and Composition questions are derived from older questions—the details may have been changed, but the same basic concept is being tested.

 

Week 16

incumbent

imposed as a duty; obligatory

Since you are the host it is incumbent upon you to see that everyone is having fun.

malleable

easily shaped or formed; easily influenced

Gold is malleable; it is easy to work with and can be hammered into very thin sheets.

subdue

to restrain; to hold back

It took four officers to subdue the fugitive because he fought like a madman.

acquire

developed or learned; not naturally occurring

A love of opera is an acquired taste; almost nobody likes it the first time he or she hears it.

conception

the ability to form or understand an idea.

Most people have no conception of the enormous amount of genetic information present in a single living cell.

conviction

a fixed strong belief.

Although he privately held onto his convictions; threats by the church caused Galileo to publicly denounce his theory that the Earth orbited the sun

dogmatic

stubbornly adhering to unproved beliefs

Doug was dogmatic in his belief that exercising frequently boosts one’s immune system

enlightening

informative; contributing to one’s awareness

The Rosetta Stone was enlightening because it allowed linguists to begin to translate Egyptian hieroglyphs, which had previously been a mystery.

 

Week 17

impression

a feeling or understanding resulting from an experience

It was my impression that I was supposed to throw a curve ball, but I must have been wrong because the catcher didn’t expect it.

intuition

the power of knowing things without thinking; sharp insight

It is said that some people have intuition about future events that allows them to predict the future.

misconception

an incorrect understanding or interpretation

His belief that storks bring babies was just one of his many misconceptions.

perception

awareness; insight

The detective’s perception of people’s hidden feelings makes it easy for him to catch liars.

perspective

point of view

People from the North and South viewed the Civil War from different perspectives—each side’s circumstances made it difficult for them to understand the other side.

profound

having a great depth or seriousness

There was a profound silence during the ceremony in honor of those who died during World War II.

inherent

inborn; built-in

One of the inherent weaknesses of the AP English Language and Composition exam is that a multiple-choice test, by definition, cannot allow students to be creative in their answers.

innate

possessed from birth; inborn

Cats have an innate ability to see well in the dark; they are born with this skill and do not need to develop it.

 

Week 18

Review Week

Week 19

Review Week

Week 20

inveterate

long established; deep-rooted; habitual

Stan has always had trouble telling the truth; in fact, he’s an inveterate liar.

omnipotent

all-powerful

He liked to think that he was an omnipotent manager, but he really had very little control over anything.

proximity

closeness

I try to sit far away from Roxy—I don’t like sitting in proximity to her because she wears too much perfume.

elusive

difficult to capture, as in something actually fleeting

The girl’s expression was elusive; the painter had a hard time recreating it on the canvas.

emigrate /immigrate

to leave one’s country or region and settle in another

Many Jews left Russia and immigrated to Israel after it was founded in 1948.

transient

passing away with time; passing from one place to another

Jack Dawson enjoyed his transient lifestyle; with nothing but the clothes on his back and the air in his lungs, he was free to travel wherever he wanted.

transitory

short-lived or temporary

The sadness she felt was only transitory; the next day her mood improved.

affable

easy-going; friendly

We enjoyed spending time with Mr. Lee because he was such a pleasant, affable man.

 

Week 21

<

amenable

responsive; agreeable

Since we had been working hard all day, the group seemed amenable to my suggestion that we all go home early.

camaraderie

good will between friends

There was great camaraderie among the members of the team; they were friends both on and off the field.

cordial

friendly; sincere

Upon my arrival at camp, I received a warm and cordial greeting from the counselors.

facetious

playfully humorous

Although the teacher pretended to be insulting his favorite student, he was just being facetious.

impinge

hinder; interfere with

By not allowing the students to publish a newspaper, the school was impinging upon their right to free speech.

lament

express grief for; mourn

After Beowulf was killed by the dragon, the Geats wept and lamented his fate.

melancholy

sadness; depression

Joy fell into a state of melancholy when her Coldplay CD got scratched.

sanction

an economic or military measure put in place to punish another country

In 1962, the United States imposed economic sanctions on Cuba to protest Fidel Castro’s dictatorship; travel and trade between the countries are severely restricted to this day.

 

Week 22

truncated

shortened; cut off

The file Chris downloaded from the Internet was truncated; the end of it was missing.

aesthetic

having to do with the appreciation of beauty.

The arrangement of paintings in the museum was due to aesthetic considerations; as long as the paintings looked good together, it didn’t matter who painted them or when they were painted.

anthology

a collection of literary pieces

This anthology contains all of William Shakespeare’s sonnets, but none of his plays.

contemporary

current, modern; from the same time

Contemporary music is very different from the music of the 1920s.

Pocahontas and William Shakespeare were contemporaries; they lived during the same time, though not in the same place.

dilettante

one with an amateurish or superficial understanding of a field of knowledge

You can’t trust Betsy’s opinion because she’s just a dilettante who doesn’t understand the subtleties of the painting.

eclectic

made up of a variety of sources or styles

Lou’s taste in music is eclectic; he listens to everything from rap to polka.

excerpt

a selected part of a passage or scene

We read an excerpt from Romeo and Juliet in which Juliet says, “Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?”

genre

describing a category of artistic endeavor

Gene enjoyed only science-fiction movies; in fact, he never went to see anything that was not in that genre.

 

Week 23

medley

an assortment or a mixture, especially of musical pieces

At the concert, the band played a medley of songs from its first album, cutting an hour’s worth of music down to five minutes.

mural

a large painting applied directly to a wall or ceiling surface

The mural on the wall of the library showed the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

narrative

(adj.) characterized by the telling of a story, (n.) a story

Tony gave us a running narrative of the game, since he was the only one who could see over the fence.

parody

an artistic work that imitates the style of another work for comic effect

The Onion is a satirical publication that is a parody of other, non-satirical newspapers that give real, true news.

realism

artistic representation that aims for visual accuracy

His photographs have a stark realism that conveys the true horror of the war.

virtuoso

a tremendously skilled artist

Some people say that Jason Loewenstein is a guitar virtuoso because of his amazing work in Sebadoh—others say that his music is just noise.

decorous

proper; marked by good taste

The class was well-behaved and the substitute was grateful for their decorous conduct.

equanimity

the quality of being calm and even-tempered; composure

She shows great equanimity; she did not panic even in the face of catastrophe.