Vocabulary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Review the following words from the 2nd trimester.

Week 14

assiduous

hard-working

Spending hours in the hot sun digging out every tiny weed, Sidney tended her garden with assiduous attention.

compelling

forceful; urgently demanding attention

By ignoring the problems in the city, the mayor gave people a very compelling reason to vote him out of office.

diligent

marked by painstaking effort; hard-working

With a lot of diligent effort, they were able to finish the model airplane in record time.

dogged

stubbornly persevering

Her first attempts resulted in failure, but her dogged efforts ultimately ended in success.

endure

to put up with; to survive a hardship

It was difficult to endure the incredibly boring lecture given in class the other day.

intrepid

courageous; fearless

The intrepid young soldier scaled the wall and attacked the enemy forces despite being outnumbered 50 to 1.

maverick

one who is independent and resists adherence to a group

In the movie Top Gun, Tom Cruise was a maverick; he often broke the rules and did things his own way.

obdurate

stubborn; inflexible

Leanna was so obdurate that she was unable to change her way of thinking on even the most minor issues.

 

Week 15

obstinate

stubbornly adhering to an opinion or a course of action

Even though he begged them constantly, Jerry’s parents were obstinate in their refusal to buy him a Nintendo.

proliferate

to grow or increase rapidly

Because the number of fax machines, pagers, and cell phones has proliferated in recent years, many new area codes have been created to handle the demand for phone numbers.

tenacity

persistence

With his overwhelming tenacity, Clark was finally able to interview Brad Pitt for the school newspaper.

vitality

energy; power to survive

After a few days of rest, the exhausted mountain climber regained his usual vitality.

assimilation

to absorb; to make similar

The unique blend of Mexican culture was formed by the assimilation of the cultures of the Native Americans and the Spanish.

consensus

general agreement

After much debate, the committee came to a consensus, although they differed on minor points.

context

circumstances of a situation; environment

The senator complained that his statements had been taken out of context and were therefore misleading; he said that if the newspaper had printed the rest of his speech, it would have explained the statements in question.

derived

copied or adapted from a source

Many AP English Language and Composition questions are derived from older questions—the details may have been changed, but the same basic concept is being tested.

 

Week 16

incumbent

imposed as a duty; obligatory

Since you are the host it is incumbent upon you to see that everyone is having fun.

malleable

easily shaped or formed; easily influenced

Gold is malleable; it is easy to work with and can be hammered into very thin sheets.

subdue

to restrain; to hold back

It took four officers to subdue the fugitive because he fought like a madman.

acquire

developed or learned; not naturally occurring

A love of opera is an acquired taste; almost nobody likes it the first time he or she hears it.

conception

the ability to form or understand an idea.

Most people have no conception of the enormous amount of genetic information present in a single living cell.

conviction

a fixed strong belief.

Although he privately held onto his convictions; threats by the church caused Galileo to publicly denounce his theory that the Earth orbited the sun

dogmatic

stubbornly adhering to unproved beliefs

Doug was dogmatic in his belief that exercising frequently boosts one’s immune system

enlightening

informative; contributing to one’s awareness

The Rosetta Stone was enlightening because it allowed linguists to begin to translate Egyptian hieroglyphs, which had previously been a mystery.

 

Week 17

impression

a feeling or understanding resulting from an experience

It was my impression that I was supposed to throw a curve ball, but I must have been wrong because the catcher didn’t expect it.

intuition

the power of knowing things without thinking; sharp insight

It is said that some people have intuition about future events that allows them to predict the future.

misconception

an incorrect understanding or interpretation

His belief that storks bring babies was just one of his many misconceptions.

perception

awareness; insight

The detective’s perception of people’s hidden feelings makes it easy for him to catch liars.

perspective

point of view

People from the North and South viewed the Civil War from different perspectives—each side’s circumstances made it difficult for them to understand the other side.

profound

having a great depth or seriousness

There was a profound silence during the ceremony in honor of those who died during World War II.

inherent

inborn; built-in

One of the inherent weaknesses of the AP English Language and Composition exam is that a multiple-choice test, by definition, cannot allow students to be creative in their answers.

innate

possessed from birth; inborn

Cats have an innate ability to see well in the dark; they are born with this skill and do not need to develop it.

 

Week 18

Review Week