World History

























The sinking of the Lusitania brought the United Sates into World War I.

President Woodrow Wilson tried to keep the United States out of the war, but it became increasingly difficult. In 1915, a German submarine sank the British passenger liner Lusitania, which was carrying weapons, as well as passengers, from the United States to England. Of the 1200 people killed in the attack, 128 were Americans, mostly women and children. The sinking turned American public opinion against Germany. Economic interests also pushed America toward war. American banks had made large loans to the Allies, and if the Allies lost the war, these loans might never be repaid. When it looked like the Allies might be defeated, President Wilson took the United States to war.

Woodrow Wilson = the U.S. president from 1913 to 1921, he brought America into World War I and proposed the formation of the League of Nations when the war ended.

Lusitania = the famous British ship sunk by a German U-Boat (submarine) in 1915. Almost 1,200 lives were lost, including 128 Americans. The outcry helped shift public opinion in America against Germany and toward involvement in World War I. Germany defended its action with the claim that the ship was carrying arms as well as passengers.

The United States declared war in 1917 “to make the world safe for democracy” in the words of President Wilson. With a million fresh American troops arriving in France, the Allies soon defeated the Central Powers. When the fighting stopped at 11:00 o’clock on the 11th day of the 11th month, soldiers from both sides came out of their trenches and cheered. November 11this now observed as Veteran’s Day in the U.S.