World History























Crimean War

The Crimean War was fought on the Crimean Peninsula.

In 1854 Britain and France went to war with Russia to stop Russia from gobbling up more territory in the weak Ottoman Empire. Although the war was fought on Russia’s doorstep in the Crimea, the more distant Western powers won with better railways, weapons, and navies. The war was a rude awakening for the Russians. The tsar responded by freeing the serfs and giving them land and some education. He hoped these reforms would increase farm and factory production and generate income to help modernize Russia.

At the time of the Crimean War, more soldiers died from infection and disease than from bullets. Britain sent Florence Nightingale to the Crimea to improve conditions in military hospitals where she managed to reduce death rates from 45 to 5 percent. In the process, she invented modern nursing. This war also saw reporters use the telegraph for the first time to send home news reports from the front. And this war was the setting for Tennyson’s famed poem about a soldier’s duty, The Charge of the Light Brigade: “Their’s not to reason why, Their’s but to do and die: Into the valley of Death rode the six hundred.”

Crimean War = a war that was fought from 1854 to 1856, mostly on the Crimean Peninsula. It was fought between Russia on one side, and an alliance of Britain, France, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia on the other.

Florence Nightingale = the “mother of modern nursing.” She improved the care of sick and wounded soldiers.