World History





























Following the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte seized control of France.

After the French army managed to eliminate the immediate threat of foreign invasion, new leaders tookcontrol in France and ended the Reign of Terror. Still, the government was unable to end foreign wars or improve the economy, and the army was frequently called in to maintain order. In 1799, a brilliant young general named Napoleon Bonaparte seized control of France.

Napoleon Bonaparte = a French general who seized power in France following the French Revolution and proclaimed himself emperor of France. A brilliant general, he conquered most of Europe before he was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Napoleon was a popular leader. After military victories in Italy, he proclaimed himself emperor and began his conquest of Europe. Napoleon’s army was unique: French soldiers believed in their cause of spreading the Revolution, and the army chose its officers based on ability, not on noble birth. Leading a capable, dedicated, and battle-hardened army, Napoleon easily defeated all forces sent against him.

In the lands he conquered Napoleon eliminated feudalism and serfdom, improved education, and promoted the arts and sciences. He established a uniform legal system, the Napoleonic Code, that guaranteed freedom of religion and granted equal rights to all men. The Code, however, reduced gains made by women during the revolution. Women would have to wait another century for their equality.

Napoleonic Code = the French civil code established under Napoléon in 1804. The code did not allow privileges based on birth (such as nobility).It allowed freedom of religion.It also set up a system of Civil service where government jobs would go to the most qualified.