To paraphrase something means to put it into your own words, usually with the goal of making it simpler and easier to understand.

Original Text Paraphrased Version

From Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet:

Oh gentle Romeo. If thou dost love, pronounce it faithfully. Or if thou thinkest I’m too quickly won, I’ll frown and be perverse and say thee nay, so thou wilt woo.

Oh, Romeo, if you love me, tell me! Or if you think that I'm too easy, I will play hard to get, so that you will chase me.

From Jesus' Sermon on the Mount:

Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

You have heard people say, "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth." But this is wrong. If someone harms you, don't try to get revenge. In fact, if someone slaps you on the right cheek, turn your head so that they can slap you on the left cheek also.




Aesop was a black storyteller from Ethiopia.

A fable is a short story, typically with animals as characters, with a moral (life lesson) at the end.

More than 500 years before Christ, a Greek slave called Aesop (pronounced ee-sop) became famous for his stories. These stories were later collected and written down, and today they are known as "Aesop's Fables."

Instructions for the Quiz

Answer the questions.

The last question asks you to paraphrase an Aesop's fable called "The Bear and the Bees."

Tip: To parahrase something, pretend that you are explaining it to a 5-year old.

The Bear and the Bees
by Aesop

A Bear roaming the woods in search of berries happened on a fallen tree in which a swarm of Bees had stored their honey. The Bear began to nose around the log very carefully to find out if the Bees were at home. Just then one of the swarm came home from the clover field with a load of sweets. Guessing what the Bear was after, the Bee flew at him, stung him sharply and then disappeared into the hollow log.

The Bear lost his temper in an instant, and sprang upon the log tooth and claw, to destroy the nest. But this only brought out the whole swarm. The poor Bear had to take to his heels, and he was able to save himself only by diving into a pool of water.

Moral: It is wiser to bear a single injury in silence than to provoke a thousand by flying into a rage.