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Figurative Language Techniques

Study the following figurative language techniques.

Technique

Definition

Example

Analogy

An analogy is a comparison. Usually, the things being compared are fairly dissimilar. This forces the reader to "figure out" the ways in which the two things might be similar.

There are two kinds of analogies:

  • similes
  • metaphors.
 

Simile

A simile is a comparison using "like" or "as".

She hung her head like a dying flower.

Metaphor

A metaphor is a comparison without using "like" or "as".

Our gym teacher was a lion.

Hyperbole

Hyperbole is when you exagerate something for empahsis.

These shoes are killing me.

Understatement

An understatement is when you express an idea with less force than what is expected.

I was slightly annoyed when I learned that I had cancer.

Personification

Personification is when you give human characteristics to things that aren't human.

The angry storm pounded the frightened ship.

Allusion

An allusion is a passing reference to a famous person, story, or event.

He has more outfits than Elton John.

 

Instructions for the Quiz

Match the term with the definition.