Lecture Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Welcome to the Club

The United Nations is like a fancy international club.

The United Nations can be likened to a very prestigious international club.

Thus, being a member gives you both respect and a certain amount of legal protection from attack. No wonder everyone wants to be a member of the UN club!

But not every country that applies gets accepted. In this unit, we will study three countries whose applications to the UN have been rejected.

To understand why these countries have been denied membership to the United Nations, let’s first take a look at the application process. Here are the steps a country must take to join the United Nations: 

  1. The State submits an application to the Secretary-General and a letter formally stating that it accepts the obligations under the Charter.
  2. The Security Council considers the application. Any recommendation for admission must receive the affirmative votes of 9 of the 15 members of the Council, provided that none of its five permanent members — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States— have voted against the application.
  3. If the Council recommends admission, the recommendation is presented to the General Assembly for consideration. A two-thirds majority vote is necessary in the Assembly for admission of a new State.
  4. Membership becomes effective the date the resolution for admission is adopted.

Key Point: Any country that wants to become a member of the United Nations must first be approved by the UN Security Council. That means that if one of the p5 countries doesn’t like you—you’re out of luck.

 

Check Your Understanding

  1. Why do most states want very much to be members of the UN club? (List at least two benefits enjoyed by members of the United Nations). 
  2. The Security Council must approve all new applications to the United Nations. How many votes are needed to pass a resolution in the Security Council?
  3. The General Assembly must also approve all new applications to the United Nations. How many votes are needed to approve a new member resolution in the General Assembly?
  4. Name three countries that would like to be members of the United Nations, but whose applications to the UN have been rejected.
  5. If you wanted to become a member of the United Nations, why would it be important for you to be on friendly terms with the United States, Britain, France, China, and Russia?