Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-ing Verbs (Review)

The -ing form of verbs can be tricky, because they serve a variety of grammatical functions.

I watched the falling leaf.

  • In this case, "falling" is acting as an adjective.
  • If I were trying to find the base clause of this sentence, I could cancel "falling" because it NOT an essential part of the sentence.
  • The base clause of this sentence is SVO (transitive).

The movie was confusing.

  • In this case, "confusing" is also acting as an adjective.
  • However, in this case, I CANNOT cancel "confusing" because it is a necessary part of the base clause. (It is the complement of "movie").
  • The base clause of this sentence is S=C (equative).

The leaf is falling.

  • In this case, "falling" is part of the verb "is falling." (The helping word "is" is acting together with the -ing form of the verb "fall", in order to form the continuous tense of the verb fall).
  • If I were trying to find the base clause of this sentence, I could NOT cancel "falling", because "is falling" is the main verb of the sentence.
  • The base clause of this sentence is SV (intransitive).

 

Instructions for the Quiz

Find the base clause. You have five choices: