Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compound Elements

A "compound" is a combination of two or more different elements.

For example, a chemical compound consists of different elements chemically bonded together. Water is an example of a chemical compound; it consists of two hydrogen atoms bonded with an oxygen atom.

In grammar, the word “compound” has a similar meaning. It describes a combination of two or more elements.

Study the following sentences:

Sentence Pattern Explanation

Joe and Bob are stupid.

S=C

"Joe and Bob" form a compound subject. Think of them as one big subject.

Sally is fat and lazy.

S=C

"fat and lazy" form a compound complement. Think of them as one big complement.

Joe kicked the table and the chair.

SVO

"the table and the chair" form a compound object. Think of them as one big object.

Bob gave Sue and Ellen a present.

SVOiOd

"Sue and Ellen" form a compound indirect object. Think of them as one big indirect object.

 

What did you learn? Hopefully you noticed that compounding subjects, complements, and objects does not affect the underlying clause pattern.

Check your understanding of this lesson by taking the accompanying quiz.