Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 Basic Clause Patterns

The English language has five basic sentence (or clause) patterns. These patterns form the foundation of nearly every sentence in the English language!

Here are the five patterns, at a glance:

1

equative (S=C)

subject / linking verb/ complement

2

intransitive (SV)

subject / verb

3

transitive (SVO)

subject / verb / object

4

intransitive (SVOiOd)

subject / verb / indirect object / direct object

5

dummy subject
(There is / It is)

dummy subject / the rest of the sentence

 

In this unit, we will study these five patterns. In the process, you will: