Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Simplifying Sentences with Gerund Phrases

Gerund phrases are basically nouns, so we typically find them anywhere we might find a noun.

Playing the tuba is fun. In this case, the gerund phrase is the subject of the sentence.
I like playing the tuba. In this case, the gerund phrase is the object of the verb "like".
I was the fastest at climbing the rope. In this case, the gerund phrase is the object of the preposition "at."

 

When simplifying a sentence with a gerund phrase, you must pay attention!

In the following examples:

  Simplified Sentence   Clause Pattern

1

The slave was a master at telling stories.

S=C

equative

2

Asking questions is important.

S=C

equative

3

Crying is a sign of hunger.

S=C

equative

4

That nusery is famous for growing beautiful orchids.

S=C

equative

5

She stopped eating meat.

SVO

transitive

6

The British reporter liked living in New York.

SVO

transitive

7

These activities require getting your hair cut.

SVO

transitive

8

Running along the river bank is dangerous.

S=C

equative

9

The models practiced walking down the runway.

SVO

transitive

10

I won the race by running swiftly.

SVO

transitive

 

Instruction for Quiz

Find the base clause. You have five choices:


equative (S=C)

intransitive (SV)

transitive (SVO)

ditransitive (SVOiOd)

dummy subject (There is / It is)