Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Present Participial Phrases

Imagine Bob. He is the subject of the sentence:

At the same time, Bob is is doing something else. So let's add a participial phrase:

  • Present participial phrases always start with an "-ing verb" and include any objects or modifiers.
  • Present participial phrases typically describe a secondary action. That is, they describe something else that the subject is doing, at the same time that he/she/it is doing the main verb.

 

Placement of Participial Phrases

Participial Phrases are found in any of three positions. Note the punctuation for each.

1

Before the subject of the sentence.

Swinging on vines, Tarzan escaped through the jungle.

2

Between the subject and the main verb.

The cruise ship, sinking slowly, canted to starboard.

3

At the end of the clause.

I hung up the phone, feeling depressed.

 

Participial vs. Gerund

Both gerund phrases and present participial phrases start with an -ing verb. Don't confuse the two:

Instructions for the Quiz

Identify the underlined phrase. You are given six choices; however, the answer will NEVER be choices 5–6, because we have not yet studied those phrases.

prepositional

appositive

gerund

participial

absolute

infinitive