Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Past Participial Phrases

Once again, imagine Bob, the subject of our sentence:

Now let's add some information about Bob by adding a past participial phrase.

Past participial phrases start with a past participle. A past participle is the "had tense" of a verb. In other words, it's the verb tense you use after using the word "had."

Can you spot the irregular verbs in the following table?

Verb Past Tense Past Participle
("had tense")

study

studied

had studied

paint

painted

had painted

wash

washed

had washed

eat

ate

had eaten

see

saw

had seen

 

Like appositive phrases and present participial phrases, past participial phrases can be placed at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence:

Typically, past participial phrases are used to describe subjects who have been affected by something or someone else.

Instructions for the Quiz

Identify the underlined phrase. You are given two choices:

present participial
past participial

 

   

Remember:

If the underlined phrase starts with a present participle (an "-ing verb") the answer is present participial.

If the underlined phrase starts with a past particple (the "had tense" of a verb) the answer is past participial.

Also, keep in mind: