Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equative Clauses

The first of the five basic clause patterns is called the equative pattern. The formula for this pattern is "Subject / Linking Verb / Complement" and we represent this pattern like this: (S=C).

  Subject Linking
Verb
Complement

equative
(S=C)

John is
  • sad.
  • a doctor.

 

A linking verb is like an "=" sign. It's a verb that conveys that the left side of the sentences is "equal" to the right side of the sentence.

The left side of the equation is the subject.

The right side of the equation is called the complement. It "completes" the subject. Note the spelling:

The complement can be either an adjective or a noun.

The most common linking verb, by far, is the verb "is" (or more precisely, "to be"). However, keep in mind that the verb "is" has many different conjugations. It's important that you realize that the following verbs are all variations of the verb "is".

  • is
  • am
  • was
  • are
  • were
  • has been
  • have been
  • will be
  • is going to be

 

There are also other words that can function as linking verbs. These words include:

  • feel
  • taste
  • look
  • smell
  • appear
  • become
  • grow
  • remain
  • seem
  • sound
  • stay

 

Study the following examples of the equative pattern:

Subject

Linking Verb (=)

Complement

Our house

is

sturdy.

The room

was

dark

The plants

are

thirsty.

The applicants

were

women.

The weather

will be

cold.

I

have been

an idiot.

She

is going to be

a star.

The man

seemed

lazy.

Edgar

has been

depressed.

I

am

the champion.

Ben

became

a police officer.

The turkey

looked

delicious.