Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clause Patterns 1–5

You have now studied the five major clause patterns:

   

Subject

Linking Verb

Complement

1

equative (S=C)

John

is

a doctor.

Mary

was

sad.

 

   

Subject

Verb

Indirect Object

Direct Object

2

intransitive (SV)

The moon

rose.

   
3

transitive (SVO)

Veronica

hit

 

the ball.

4

ditransitive (SVOiOd)

Bob

gave

Judy

flowers.

 

    Dummy Subject

the rest of the sentence

5

dummy subject

There

is a house.

It

is important to always take notes.

 

Instructions for the Quiz

Identify the clause pattern.