Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjectives

Adjectives modify nouns.

Some adjectives are formed from verbs. They are called participial adjectives.

Adjectives
Ordinary Adjectives Participial Adjectives
  • red dress
  • fast car
  • tall woman
  • smelly dog

 

Past Participial Present Participial
  • worn shoes
  • bruised face
  • broken arm
  • boiling water
  • crying baby
  • bleeding knees

 

Fortunately, adjectives do not change the underlying pattern of a clause, and therefore they can (almost) always be cancelled.

Study the following sentences to see how each of them has been simplified by cancelling all the adjectives.

  Simplified Sentence Clause Pattern
1

I like the red car.

transitive (SVO)

2

Linda kicked the barking dog.

transitive (SVO)

3

Freda rocked the crying baby.

transitive (SVO)

4

The angry dragon spread its enormous wings.

transitive (SVO)

5

I baked my mother a delicious Christmas cake.

ditransitive (SVOiOd)

6

Joey is a horrible football player.

equative (S=C)

7

The boiling water evaporated.

intransitive (SV)

8

All the children were very happy.

equative (S=C)

 

Instructions for the Quiz

Find the base clause by cancelling all the adjectives.